Skull and Vertebrae


Occipital bone

Occipital condyles

Foramen magnum (for spinal cord)

Parietal bones

Lambdoidal suture

Sagittal suture

Coronal suture

Frontal bone

Nasal bones

Maxillary bones (Maxilla)

Lacrimal bones

Ethmoid bone

Perpendicular plate

Inferior nasal conchae

Vomer bone

{Nasal septum is composed of vomer bone and perpendicular plate}

Palatine bones

Sphenoid bone

Sella turcica (for pituitary gland)

Zygomatic bones

Zygomatic arch

Temporal bones

Squamous suture

External auditory canal

Mastoid process



Vertebrae and Ribs

General features


Vertebral foramen

spinal process

Transverse processes

Intervertebral foramen (for spinal nerves)

Intervertebral discs

Cervical vertebrae (C1-C7)

Transverse foramen (for vertebral arteries)

Atlas (C1)

Axis (C2)

Odontoid process (Dens)

Thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12)

Joint surfaces for ribs (Demifacets / Facets) - on body or transverse processes

Ribs (1-10) – joint with body and transverse processes

Floating ribs (11-12) - joint only with body

Capitulum (head) (ribs 1-12) - articulates on body of vertebrae

Tuberculum (ribs 1-10) - articulate on transverse processes




Lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5)

Sacrum and Coccyx

Sacral canal

Sacral foramen (for spinal nerves)


David G. Ward, Ph.D.  Last modified by wardd 23 May, 2006