Laboratory - Body Regions, Directional Terms, and Body Cavities

Body Regions

Cephalic region - head

Cervical region - neck

Deltoid region - shoulder

Thoracic region – upper trunk

Sternal region – sternum (breast bone)

Pectoral region - chest

Axillary region - armpit

Scapular region – shoulder blades

Vertebral region – spinal column

Abdominal region – lower trunk

Umbilical region – around navel (belly button)

Lumbar region – lower lateral back

Pelvic region -

Gluteal region - butt

Sacral region - lower medial back

Femoral region - thigh

Directional Terms

Anterior - toward front of body

Posterior - toward back of body

Superior - toward top of body

Inferior - toward bottom of body

Dorsal - toward back or top of body

Ventral - toward front or bottom of body

Medial - toward center of body

Lateral - toward sides of body

Distal - toward end of limb

Proximal - toward beginning of limb

Body Cavities

Dorsal Body Cavity

Cranial cavity - space in skull for brain

Vertebral foramen - space in vertebral column for spinal cord

Ventral Body Cavity

Thoracic cavity

Pleural cavities - spaces for lungs

Pericardial cavity - space for heart

Abdominal cavity

Contains Liver, Stomach, Small Intestines, Large Intestines

Retroperitoneal cavity

Contains Kidneys, Spleen and Pancreas

Pelvic cavity

Contains Bladder, Rectum, Reproductive organs

 

David G. Ward, Ph.D.  Last modified by wardd 23 May, 2006