Body Organization and Integration

The Body has a Head, the rest exists for it

Gustav Ekstein

Anatomical organization

Body

Organ Systems

Organs

Tissues

cells

Organs systems and Organs - general organization

Integumentary system

Skin and accessory organs including oil glands, sweat glands, hair, nails; cutaneous receptors

Skeletal system

Bones, including joints and ligaments

Muscular system

Skeletal Muscles, including tendons; muscle receptors

Nervous system

Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, sensory receptors, and special sensory organs including eyes, ears, nose and tongue

Endocrine system

Endocrine glands including pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, stomach, intestines, kidney, adrenal, testes, ovaries

Cardiovascular system

Blood, heart and blood vessels; cardiac and vascular receptors

Immune system

Blood, spleen, lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes

Respiratory system

Lungs and airways including trachea, bronchi; lung receptors

Urinary system

Kidney and associated organs including ureter, bladder and urethra

Digestive system

GI tract and accessory organs including esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines, pancreas and liver; GI and liver receptors

Reproductive system

Testes, ovaries, penis, vagina and uterus; sensory receptors

 

Organs systems and Organs - general function

Integumentary system

Provide a barrier; keep foreign materials out of the body; keep fluids in the body

Participates in temperature regulation

Skeletal system

Provide structure ,support, and muscles attachments for movement

Participates in calcium and phosphorus metabolism; Formation of blood cells

Muscular system

Provide for movement

Participates in temperature regulation

Nervous system

Provides for control of movement and sensation; Provides for cognition

Controls bodily functions using nerves

Endocrine system

Controls bodily functions using hormones

Cardiovascular system

Transports substances, such as oxygen and nutrients, through the body

Participates in temperature regulation and immunity

Immune system

Screens the body for foreign materials

Destroys or immobilizes foreign bodies

Respiratory system

Obtains oxygen for the blood and removes carbon dioxide

Participates in acid-base regulation

Urinary system

Removes excess fluid and electrolytes in the blood from the body

Participates in fluid and electrolyte regulation and acid-base balance

Digestive system

Obtains fluids and nutrients for the body

Reproductive systems

Provides for the propagation of the species

Produces sperm and eggs and provides for the development of the fetus

 

David G. Ward, Ph.D.  Last modified by wardd 23 May, 2006